social science

What is Self-Esteem and How to increase it?

Sociologist Morris Rosenberg’s concept of self-esteem ‘the self is an object. And self-esteem is simply the attitude people have towards that object.

Self-esteem is how an individual feels about themselves. Most young people who have positive self-esteem see themselves as confident, sociable and see a positive image of themselves.  Whereas young people with low self-esteem can have a negative outcome in thinking that they are not good at things or incapable of achieving their goals. Negative experiences in childhood can later develop in low self-esteem in young people if they have experienced neglect, abuse and social exclusion.

Positive Self-esteem

  • Have a positive image about themselves
  • Are confident
  • Are able to socialise with new people and are not afraid of making friends

Negative self esteem

  • Lack of confidence
  • Anti-social
  • A negative image of themselves
  • Think negative of their qualities and abilities

There will be different stages where young people will go through, from positive or negative self-esteem whether it’s starting a new school, moving home or changes of circumstances.

 Furthermore, a negative impact that could cause young people self-esteem is bullying. Bullying is common in everyday society. Bullying can be classified as:

  • Cyberbullying
  • Physical bullying
  • Verbal bullying

All forms of bullying can cause young people to have low self-esteem, mental health problems such as eating disorder, depression and anxiety it can also affect work, education, social life. These factors can affect an individual’s self-esteem so therefore it’s fundamental to tackle this and have a positive thinking to boost emotional well-being.

Psychologist Abraham Maslow created the hierarchy of needs.

hierarchy of needs

Which illustrates self-esteem in a motivational way as this also suggest that individuals have needs and if these needs are met individuals are capable of meeting other needs.  

Meeting self-actualisation are individual who are fulfilled and are capable of doing things that they can achieve setting themselves goals.

The Maslow hierarchy of needs can help any individual to fulfil their needs. 

Tips to increase your self-esteem

  • Be kind to yourself
  • Surround yourself with positive people
  • Focus on positives
  • Improve your skills
  • Learn new things
  • Analyse what you are feeling and why you are feeling that way
  • What would be the best reaction to achieve a good result